One of the biggest and most severe dental issued is caries. Poor dental hygiene, a failure to clean between the teeth and the incomplete removal of food remains can create favourable conditions for the development of caries. The hard tissues of the tooth – the enamel and dentine, which protect the dental pulp (a nerve), i.e., the internal dental tissue, from infection – are affected by this disease.
When a dentist diagnoses caries, immediate treatment should be started, even if the patient has no complaints. In the beginning, this disease produces no symptoms or signs, but when pain develops an advanced stage is usually diagnosed, which affects the deep dental tissues and sometimes even the dental pulp (nerve). Thus, periodic dental check-ups are very important to diagnose the early stages of caries-related damage. Dentists recommend having dental check-ups twice per year.
A caries is treated by the mechanical removal of the affected dental tissues and by filling the cleaned and disinfected cavity with a filling material. The function of the filling material is restore the affected dental crown and to ensure its participation in the chewing process, i.e., to restore the anatomy, function and aesthetics of the tooth crown. The dental filling procedure is usually carried out under a local anaesthesia. The healthy dental enamel and dentine, as well as the dental nerve tissue, are preserved during the filling procedure and the spread of the infection to the internal dental structures or bone tissues is prevented.
If the front teeth are affected by caries, an aesthetic filling procedure is usually applied. The aesthetic filling restores the damaged dental tissues, as well as allowing a correction of the tooth shape, colour and size. An aesthetic filling procedure can allow the restoration of a broken tooth angle, re-alignment of crooked teeth, or the masking or correction of gaps between the teeth. Thus, the aesthetic filling will help to restore a nice smile and allow the patient to enjoy healthy and white teeth.