The aim of professional oral hygiene is the improvement of oral health, as well as the diagnosis of present and potential periodontal diseases, caries-related tooth disorders, and the alleviation of teeth sensitivity. Regular oral hygiene procedures will help to prevent different oral diseases. Inadequate care of your oral cavity can lead to an environment that is favourable for the development of infection. The remains of food form a whitish covering on the tooth surfaces, and this is where a huge amount of microorganisms can accumulate. The covering and the acids released in the oral cavity then damage the dental enamel, leading to the development of dental caries. The microorganisms present on the tooth surface also produce toxins and irritate the gums, which results in changes of the periodontal tissues. Eventually, “pockets” develop between the tooth and the bone, the teeth become unstable and patients can even lose their teeth.
Clinical studies have proved that an infection of the oral cavity has a negative influence on the functioning of the whole body, affecting organs such as the heart, lungs and kidneys, as well as the joints, and the health of a foetus during pregnancy. Inflammation of periodontium can also cause diabetes or cardiovascular diseases.
Periodontium diseases are painless; therefore, you may not be aware that you have such an insidious disease. The earliest stage of gum damage is known as gingivitis. In this stage, the disease can be cured by applying individual and professional procedures to improve the oral hygiene. A more severe and advanced stage of gum disease is periodontitis, which results in serious damage to the gums and bones.
In the early stages, this disease is also curable. But one symptom of periodontium disease is moving teeth, which means they can be lost.